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Awdurdod Glanweithiol Gwledig Aberystwyth

Aberystwyth Rural Sanitary Authority

Minutes of the Sanitary Authority for the Rural District of the Aberystwyth Union 1872 - 1882

1 Dec 1873

Directed the Clerk to cause a notice to be served upon the trustees of the Wesleyan Chapel Tre'rddol to abate and remove a certain nuisance caused by a privy erected by them near Pistillgwyn Tre'rddol or to provide necessary drains therefrom so that the refuse would not contaminate the Pistillgwyn water.

26 Jan 1874

(Repeat of notice on chapel trustees)

To serve a notice upon Messrs Sagar and Dewhurst owners of certain dwellinghouses at Ynyslas requiring them to remove the present privies used by the occupiers of such dwellinghouses and to erect new ones and provide sufficient drainage therefrom.

23 March 1874

another notice on the trustees

25 Jan 1875

Notice served on Mr Owen Owens Dolclettwr in respect of a dwellinghouse and premises overcrowded situate at Tre'rddol occupied by one Margaret Davies, to provide sufficient accommodation.

20 November 1875

Clerk to write to E L Moore 20 Salop Road Welshpool the agent of the owners of houses at Ynyslas which the Inspector had reported to be unfit for human habitation to inform him that if steps are not immediately taken to put the houses in a fit state for occupation the Sanitary Authority would be compelled to take proceedings against the owners of the houses as they were empowered by the Public Health Acts, to compel the removal of the nuisances complained of.

Isaac Jones of Taliesin, the keeper of a Common Lodging House at that place appeared at the meeting and applied to have his house (which had been inspected and approved by the Inspector of Nuisances) registered as a Common Lodging House and it was determined that as soon as he complied with the requirements of the Sanitary Authority his house should be registered as a Common Lodging House but that the keeper thereof should only be allowed to take in 4 lodgers at a time.

Mary Jones of Taliesin, the keeper of a Common Lodging House at that place appeared at the meeting and applied to have her house (which had been inspected and approved by the Inspector of Nuisances) registered as a Common Lodging House and it was determined that as soon as she put up a partition between the 2 bedrooms therein her house should be registered as a Common Lodging House but that she should only be allowed to take in 4 lodgers at a time.

13 December 1875

The Clerk having reported that he had written to Mr Moore of Welshpool as requested at the last meeting but had received no reply to his letter.

It was ordered that the Clerk should write again to Mr Moore in the matter and also to Mr Jenkin Jones the owner of a house called the Gogerddan Arms situate near Ynyslas (which was reported by the Inspector of Nuisances and Mr Morris Jones one of the Medical Officers of Health to be from the dampness of the flooring and other causes unfit for habitation) to ask them to attend the next meeting of the Committee to confer as to what steps should be taken to make the houses fit for habitation.

10 January 1876

Mr Jenkin Jones attended the meeting and it was arranged he should be allowed 3 months time to put his house called Gogerddan Arms situate near Ynyslas in a fit state for habitation.

It was ordered that the Clerk should write to Mr Moore to give him notice that he must put the houses at Ynyslas in a fit state for habitation within 3 months.

6 March 1876

Application having been made by Isaac Jones of Taliesin the keeper of a Common Lodging House at that place who had enlarged his house for leave to take in 6 lodgers instead of 4 his application for the same was granted.

16 October 1876

The proprietors of the houses at Ynyslas not having put such houses in fit state for habitation the Inspector was directed to give notice to Mr Moore the agent of the proprietors that unless the necessary work required to put the houses in a state fit for habitation was done without further delay proceedings would be taken against the proprietors to compel them to do so.

5 February 1877

Ordered that notices be served on the owners of the houses at Ynyslas not to re-let the houses before they were put in a fit state for human habitation.

16 April 1877

(letter received from Moore of Weshpool) another reply.

2 September 1878

The Inspector was ordered to serve notice upon parties residing at the village of Taliesin to remove the soil at the back of their houses.

28 October 1878

Mr Morris Jones one of the Medical Officers of Health having produced a written report as to the Sanitary state of the village of Taliesin of which the following is a copy:

"Mr Chairman and Gentlemen.

I have to report to you that there have been 9 cases of typhoid fever at Taliesin out of which number 3 have died, 4 are at present convalescent and 2 still suffering from it - on receiving the information from Mr Fryer the V.C. of the Board I visited the place and examined the premises and the surroundings. I may here remark that typhoid fever is one of those diseases which by proper sanitary regulations may be said to be a preventable disease and has been designated by the late Medical Officer of the Privy Council a 'filth disease' and that because it arises from the want of cleanliness of man. In my inspection I naturally looked for some common cause for the several cases but owing to the absence of almost all sanitary precautions I am unable to fix upon any one particular cause. The first house I visited I found a young girl hopelessly ill with the fever and who has since died and in the room adjoining the room she occupied a drain running under the boards with real sewage in it and emptying itself in the front. On going further I visited a cottage where the Mother and 2 children were laid up and in the adjoining house one had already died I was told, and one just taken ill, but who has since died. These had no back doors and the ground at the back halfway up to the roof and close to the walls. At the pine end I found a most offensive dunghill and pigstye and human excrement and about 10 yards from all this filth was the spout where both these families got their water supply. Whether the water was contaminated or not with sewage I am unable to say until it has been analyzed and I ask that you will have not only this supply but every other one in the village as well analyzed forthwith. As regards the general state of the village I must say it is most unsatisfactory and requires some general scheme of drainage and also in compelling the owners of houses to have some regard for the health of the occupants by making their property something approaching habitable - and in order to do this I would suggest that some members of this board meet on the spot and decide how it is to be done.

I am etc

Morris Jones"

It was Resolved that Mr Jones the Medical Officer of Health should procure and send some of the Water used by the inhabitants of houses in the village where fever has broken out to the County Analyst to be analyzed and the Clerk was ordered to forward a Copy of Mr Morris Jones' report to the Local Government Board.

28 Nov 1878

Mr Morris Jones produced the report...of the result of the analysis of the water used by the inhabitants of Taliesin.

Ordered that the owners of the 26 houses at Tre'rddol reported by the Inspector to be without privy accommodation be served with notices requiring them to provide privy accommodation for the houses within 2 months.

Ordered that Notices be served upon the owners of the 8 houses at Tre'rddol reported by the Inspector to have heaps of earth behind such houses which were considered to be nuisances, to remove such heaps of earth within 2 months.

23 Dec 1878

A letter from the Local Government Board dated the 13th Dec inst. respecting the outbreak of fever in Taliesin referred to in a report from Mr. Morris Jones...having been read...it was Resolved that the Inspector should visit and inspect the 2 houses in Taliesin particularly referred to...and all the houses and premises in the said village considered necessary to be inspected and to report the result of such inspection to the next meeting.

20 Jan 1879

Ordered that the Inspector should give notice to the owner of the house in the village of Tre'rddol occupied by one Mary Thomas and the owners of the three cottages at Nantyllain near Tre'rddol occupied by Mary Thomas, Mary Rees and Evan Morgan which were reported by the Inspector to be unfit for human habitation requiring them to put the same in a fit sate for occupation.

The Inspector not having produced to the meeting a Report of his inspection of the houses and premises at Taliesin as he was required to do at the last meeting, he was ordered to visit the village of Taliesin again and inspect all houses and premises there considered necessary to be inspected and produce a full report.

17 Feb 1879

The Inspector reported 3 houses at Nantyllain in the occupation of Mary Thomas a pauper Mary Rees and Evan Morgan being in such state as to be nuisances and injurious to health. Mr Morris Jones one of the Medical Officers of Health was ordered to visit the houses and report result at the next meeting.

The Inspector produced his special report as to the sanitary state of the village of Taliesin, which was gone through by which it appeared that out of the number of houses and premises reported to be in want of privy accommodation and efficient drainage the owners or occupiers of 23 such houses and premises upon whom notices had been served had complied with the requirements of such notices. Th owners and occupiers of 32 of them had partly complied therewith and the owners and occupiers of many other houses and premises upon whom notices had been served had not done anything and the Inspector was ordered to serve fresh notices upon all the parties who had not fully complied with the requirements of the notices before served upon them.

Three houss in the village of Taliesin belonging to Mr. Abraham James having been reported by the Inspector to be in a dilapidated state of repair and unfit for human habitation Mr James promised to put the same in a proper state of repair before the 12th day o May next.

17 March 1879

The Medical Officer reported 3 houses situate at Nantyllain occupied by Mary Rees Mary Thomas and Evan Morgan as being unfit for human habitation.

The Clerk was ordered to write to Mr Davies of Erglodd the owner of these houses with a copy of the Medical Officer's report.

The Inspector having reported that 20 out of 32 owners and occupiers of houses at Taliesin reported at the last meeting as being in want of privy accommodation had complied with the requirements of the notices served upon them and that the owners and occupiers of the remaining 12 houses had not done so the Inspector was ordered to serve fresh notices upon the owners and occupiers of the latter houses requiring them to comply.

14 April 1879

The Inspector was ordered to write to Harry Pritchard, John Harries and John Morgans, all of Taliesin requiring them to provide Privies for their houses without delay and in case they neglected to do so to take out summonses against them for their neglect for the next meeting of Justices.

12 May 1879

The Inspector having also reported that the requirements of the notices served by him upon parties at Taliesin had been complied with with the exception of one Harry Pritchard he was ordered to take proceedings against this Harry Pritchard unless he complied with the requirements of the notice served upon him within a fortnight from that date.

The Inspector having also reported that Mr J M Davies had not complied with the Notices served upon him requiring him to provide privy accommodation for houses belonging to him situate at Tre'rddol the Inspector was ordered to take proceedings against him in default of compliance with the requirements of such notice.

9 June 1879

Annual Report of Morris Jones, Medical Officer.

...During the year I was specially requested to visit the village of Taliesin on account of an outbreak of fever there four deaths having occurred and several cases which recovered. I made a report on the sanitary condition of the village at the time and pointed out what I considered defective in its sanitary arrangements. These have since to a large extent been remedied.

Two of the sources of water supply in the village appeared to me liable to be contaminated. The water from them was analyzed and found to be satisfactory and free from pollution.

10 Nov 1879

The Inspector was ordered to visit the village of Taliesin in which village fever had lately broken out to examine the water supply for that village and to forward such water to the County Analyst for Analysis.

22 Dec 1879

The Inspector having reported 3 deaths from typhoid fever occurring at Taliesin the Medical Officer expressed his opinion that the cause of the fever was the bad supply of water in the village and after some discussion it was Resolved that the Inspector should make a house to house inspection in order to ascertain accurately the names of the owners and occupiers of such of the houses in that village and produce a full report in the matter.

19 January 1880

The Inspector produced a full house to house report of the village of Taliesin and a report as to the sanitary condition of the village and two ratepayers viz. Messrs James Jones and John Felix attended the meeting and protested against the remarks made by the Medical Officer at the last meeting with respect to what he considered the cause of the fever which had broken out in the village but as the Medical Officer was absent the subject was adjourned.

26 Jan 1880

The question of the sanitary condition of the village of Taliesin was again considered and the medical officer having given his opinion of the sanitary condition of that village and several inhabitants of that village who also attended the meeting having been heard in the matter and after considerable discussion it was Resolved that the Inspector give notice to John Richards the person who was stated to have his supply of water from his cellar to discontinue its use and also to construct proper drainage to carry away the water from his cellar.

The Inspector was also ordered to serve notices upon the owners of the several houses in the village having private supplies of water from their gardens or elsewhere requiring them either to have such water analysed at their own expense and hand over the analysis to the Sanitary Inspector for approval or to discontinue obtaining their supply of water from their gardens.

The Inspector was also ordered to serve notices upon all persons having manure heaps or any other nuisance too near their houses requiring them to remove such nuisances without delay.

16 Feb 1880

Mr E W Jones appeared on behalf of the ratepayers of Taliesin with respect to the supply of water for that village and after some discussion it was Resolved that the Inspector and the Medical Officer should meet the inhabitants of the village in the matter on the following Saturday.

12 April 1880

It was ordered that the Inspector should get analysed at the expense of the parish of Llancynfelin the water from which the inhabitants of the village of Taliesin are supplied and which water runs into the Road to Gwynfryn.

7 June 1880

The Clerk was ordered to write to… the Highway Board... enclosing a copy of a report...with respect to alleged pollution of the well known as "Ffynnon Stephen" situate near the village of Taliesin by a drain consisting of sewage and pigsty-liquids emptying itself above the spring requesting his attention to the matter.

5 July 1880

The Inspector was ordered to submit a sample of water from Ffynnon Stephen Taliesin and to produce the analysis to the next meeting of the Board.

22 November 1880

Mr Morris Jones having produced a Report on the state of the drainage of the village of Taliesin the Inspector was ordered to visit the village to ascertain and make out by the next meeting an estimate of the probable cost of supplying the village with pure water.

20 December 1880

The Inspector of Nuisances produced...an estimate of the probable cost of supplying the village of Taliesin with pure water and after some discussion thereof it was adjourned to the next meeting.

4 January 1881

A deputation from the village of Taliesin having attended the meeting requesting the sanction of the Sanitary Authority to their obtaining a supply of water for the use of the inhabitants of the village under the direction of the Sanitary Authority the cost of obtaining such a supply of water to be defrayed by the ratepayers of the village and after considerable discussion it was resolved that the Inspector get samples of the water from the well known as "Ffynnon Harris" analysed by the County Analyst.

17 January 1881

A deputation from the ratepayers of the parish of Llancynfelin having attended the meeting and submitted a list of persons appointed at a public meeting of the inhabitants of the parish for carrying out the proposed scheme for supplying the inhabitants of the village of Taliesin with wholesome water of which the following is a copy viz:

Mr Richard Griffiths
Mr Richard Morris
Mr John Davies Erglodd
Mr Thomas Thomas Neuadd
Mr William James Gelly
Mr John Harries
Mr John Davies Builder
Mr Owen Owens Dolyclettwr
Mr Thomas Jones Post Office
Mr David Rees Builder and
Mr Lewis Lloyd Taliesin

It was resolved that the recommendation of the Inspector of Nuisances to carry out the proposed water scheme for a sum not exceeding 20 be approved and the Clerk was ordered to issue an order upon the overseers of the parish of Llancynfelin for payment of the sum of 20 for the purpose of carrying out such works of water supply.

9 May 1881

Mr Richard Morris of Taliesin attended the meeting on behalf of the Ratepayers of the parish of Llancynfelin and submitted plans of the proposed scheme for supplying the inhabitants of the village of Taliesin with pure water which were approved by the Rural Sanitary Authority.

13 March 1882

The application of Ann Breese for a licence to keep a Common Lodging House at Taliesin in te parish of Llancynfelin was adjourned until the house had been inspected and approved for the purpose and the Inspector was ordered to request the Superintendent of police to have the house inspected and to report at the next meeting.

10 April 1882

(from Medical Officers annual report)

For several years the village of Taliesin has been the seat of typhoid fever and on many occasions I have brought the matter before your Board and have given it as my opinion that there were strong grounds for believing that the various sources of water supply used by the villagers were subject to frequent pollution especially after storms on highly cultivated gardens and manure heaps.

During the past year a supply of water has been obtained from a source of water above the village and beyond suspicion and I may say that I attribute the absence of fever to this and other improvements.

Minute book ends Sept 1882, but one extra entry crossed out:

17 August 1885

Taliesin Water Supply, Pencae Well

The Inspector having reported that the supply from this well had failed. It was unanimously resolved that the attention of the inhabitants should be called thereto by him with a view to them remedying the defect themselves and that if they neglected to do so that the Inspector again report same to the Committee.



Archifdy Ceredigion/Ceredigion Archives, Cardiganshire Board of Guardians (CBG 1109)

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